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Below is a list of tree species in the Liberian rain forest ( click image for more details on a specific wood )

		  <ul>
		  <li><b>SCIENTIFIC NAME</b> - Erythrophleum ivorensis</li>
		  <li><b>FAMILY</b> - Leguminosae</li>
		  <li><b>TRADE NAME</b> - Tali (Ivory Coast), Erun, Sasswood (Nigeria), Potrodom (Ghana), Kassa (Zaire), Muave (Zambia), Mwavi (Tanzania), Sasswood tree (general use) </li>
		  <li><b>DISTRIBUTION</b> - Widely distributed in tropical Africa from the west to east coast. The tree is more frequent  in evergreen, deciduous, and savanna forests.</li>
		  <li><b>WOOD</b> - Heartwood is red-, yellow-, or orange-brown, darkening on exposure, sometimes streaked; sapwood creamy-yellow, distinct; texture coarse; grain interlocked or irregular; moderately high luster.</li>
		  <li><b>WEIGHT</b> - Heavy, with air-dry density of 897 kg/m3 </li>
		  <li><b>DURABILITY</b> - Heartwood is rated as very durable and highly resistant to termite attack; also described as resistant to marine borers</li>
		  <li><b>STRENGTH</b> - Strong</li>
		  <li><b>SHRINKAGE</b> - Large </li>
		  <li><b>FOREST AVAILABILITY</b> - The tree grows in all forest areas of Liberia but most abundant in the drier forest zones of the country.</li>
		  <li><b>WORKING PROPERTY</b> - Dry wood is very difficult to saw and machine, rapid blunting of tools, carbide-tipped cutters are suggested; works to a smooth finish and takes a high polish, turns well. Sawdust may cause nose and throat irritation</li>
		  <li><b>USES</b> - Flooring, heavy construction, railway crossties, harbor and dock work</li>
		  </ul>

Erythrophleum ivorensis


		  <ul>
		  <li><b>SCIENTIFIC NAME</b> - Fagara macrophylla </li>
		  <li><b>FAMILY</b> - Rutaceae</li>
		  <li><b>TRADE NAME</b> - Olon dur (Gabon), Munyenye (Uganda), Fagara (Liberia)</li>
		  <li><b>DISTRIBUTION</b> - Found throughout West Africa, from Sierra Leone to Angola and east to Uganda</li>
		  <li><b>WOOD</b> - Heartwood bright or pale yellow darkening slightly on exposure; sapwood narrow, somewhat lighter, barely distinguishable. Grain interlocked giving a stripe figure; texture medium to fairly coarse; luster rather high; has a sweet scent when freshly sawn that does not persist.</li>
		  <li><b>WEIGHT</b> - Very heavy, with air-dry density of 1025 kg/m3 </li>
		  <li><b>DURABILITY</b> - Heartwood durable but not resistant to termite attack, but moderately resistant to pressure impregnation.</li>
		  <li><b>STRENGTH</b> - Very Strong</li>
		  <li><b>SHRINKAGE</b> - Small </li>
		  <li><b>FOREST AVAILABILITY</b> - The tree grows in all forest areas of the country but most abundant in the north western parts of the country.</li>
		  <li><b>WORKING PROPERTY</b> - Generally moderately difficult to work but takes a fine smooth finish, good steam bending properties.</li>
		  <li><b>USES</b> - Fine furniture and cabinetwork, flooring, paneling, veneer, turnery.</li>
		  </ul>

Fagara macrophylla


		  <ul>
		  <li><b>SCIENTIFIC NAME</b> - Funtumia elastica</li>
		  <li><b>FAMILY</b> - Apocynaceae</li>
		  <li><b>TRADE NAME</b> - Mutundu, rubber tree, Lagos silk rubber </li>
		  <li><b>DISTRIBUTION</b> - Along the West Coast of Africa, from Guinea to Congo and Uganda</li>
		  <li><b>WOOD</b> - The sapwood and heartwood are not differentiated; the wood is yellowish white, homogeneous, fine textured, and straight grained, and showing no figure either on flat sawn or quartered material.</li>
		  <li><b>WEIGHT</b> - Light, with air-dry density of 512 kg/m3 </li>
		  <li><b>DURABILITY</b> - The timber is not durable, it is subject to sap stain and to attack by stag beetles</li>
		  <li><b>STRENGTH</b> - Medium</li>
		  <li><b>SHRINKAGE</b> - Medium </li>
		  <li><b>FOREST AVAILABILITY</b> - It is often found in young secondary forest in Liberia</li>
		  <li><b>WORKING PROPERTY</b> - The wood is easy to work, takes nails and screws well, and can be painted without too much absorption of the oil and varnish.</li>
		  <li><b>USES</b> - The timber is used locally for doors and planks because it is easy to work. It has been used for low-cost joinery and furniture</li>
		  </ul>

Funtumia elastica


		  <ul>
		  <li><b>SCIENTIFIC NAME</b> - Gilbertiodendron preussii</li>
		  <li><b>FAMILY</b> - Caesalpiniceae</li>
		  <li><b>TRADE NAME</b> - African oak, Red oak (generally used at sawmills), limbali</li>
		  <li><b>DISTRIBUTION</b> - The tree grows along the west coast of Africa, from Sierra Leone to Gabon.</li>
		  <li><b>WOOD</b> - The heartwood is golden brown with a somewhat reddish tinge. The wood has a low lustre. Texture is moderately coarse. The grain is straight to somewhat interlocked. It is a hard and heavy wood.</li>
		  <li><b>WEIGHT</b> - Heavy, with air-dry density of 810 kg/m3 </li>
		  <li><b>DURABILITY</b> - Durable, and moderately resistance to termites</li>
		  <li><b>STRENGTH</b> - Moderately strong</li>
		  <li><b>SHRINKAGE</b> - Large </li>
		  <li><b>FOREST AVAILABILITY</b> - It is found throughout Liberia and is much more frequent in the south east forest zone of the country.</li>
		  <li><b>WORKING PROPERTY</b> - work with both hand and machine tools, and finishing is easy</li>
		  <li><b>USES</b> - It is reported to serve very well in boat and shipbuilding for which it is recommended, and also for construction purposes.</li>
		  </ul>

Gilbertiodendron preussii


		  <ul>
		  <li><b>SCIENTIFIC NAME</b> - Guarea cedrata </li>
		  <li><b>FAMILY</b> - Meliaceae</li>
		  <li><b>TRADE NAME</b> - Bossé (Ivory Coast), Kwabohoro (Ghana), Obobo (Nigeria), Édoucié (Cameroon)</li>
		  <li><b>DISTRIBUTION</b> - Sierra Leone, Liberia ,Guinea ,Uganda and Congo.</li>
		  <li><b>WOOD</b> - Heartwood pinkish-brown, darkening on exposure; sapwood variable in width, pale in color, often well demarcated; texture medium to fine; grain straight, wavy, or interlocked; lustrous.</li>
		  <li><b>WEIGHT</b> - Moderately heavy, with air-dry density of 576 kg/m3 36 </li>
		  <li><b>DURABILITY</b> - The heartwood is durable and extremely resistant to preservative treatment</li>
		  <li><b>STRENGTH</b> - Medium</li>
		  <li><b>SHRINKAGE</b> - Small </li>
		  <li><b>FOREST AVAILABILITY</b> - Found throughout all forest parts of Liberia but frequent in the evergreen forests as well as in the moist semi-deciduous forests of the country.</li>
		  <li><b>WORKING PROPERTY</b> - Works fairly well with hand and machine tools, some picking of interlocked grain, slight to moderate blunting of cutters, glues well, takes a good polish and finishing</li>
		  <li><b>USES</b> - Utilized in veneer for decorative purposes and also in the solid form for furniture, interior trim, and boat construction</li>
		  </ul>

Guarea cedrata


		  <ul>
		  <li><b>SCIENTIFIC NAME</b> - Guibourtia ehie</li>
		  <li><b>FAMILY</b> - Leguminosae</li>
		  <li><b>TRADE NAME</b> - Ehie, Anokye (Ghana), Amazoué, Amazakoue (Ivory Coast), Essingang (Cameroon), Ovang, Kevazingo (Gabon), Waka (Zaire), Bubinga</li>
		  <li><b>DISTRIBUTION</b> - Ivory Coast, Ghana, Southern Nigeria, and Gabon. Prefers closed rain forests and transitional forests, often in small groups</li>
		  <li><b>WOOD</b> - Heartwood yellow-brown to dark brown with gray to almost black stripes; sapwood yellow-white, clearly demarcated; texture moderately coarse; grain straight to interlocked; attractive figure; unpleasant odor when freshly cut</li>
		  <li><b>WEIGHT</b> - Heavy, with air-dry density of 832 kg/m3 </li>
		  <li><b>DURABILITY</b> - Heartwood moderately durable, rarely attacked by termites</li>
		  <li><b>STRENGTH</b> - Moderately strong</li>
		  <li><b>SHRINKAGE</b> - Large </li>
		  <li><b>FOREST AVAILABILITY</b> - The species is found in all forest parts of the country especially in swampy or periodically inundated forests, also near river or lakeshores.</li>
		  <li><b>WORKING PROPERTY</b> - Saws slowly but well for its density, works fairly easily with hand and machine tools, planes to a good finish, must be heated before slicing into veneers. May stain when in contact with metal.</li>
		  <li><b>USES</b> - Fine furniture and cabinetwork, turnery, decorative veneers, flooring. A walnut-like wood. Yields a gum copal used in pharmaceuticals and as a base for varnishes</li>
		  </ul>

Guibourtia ehie


		  <ul>
		  <li><b>SCIENTIFIC NAME</b> - Hallea ciliate (Mitragyna ciliate) </li>
		  <li><b>FAMILY</b> - Rubiaceae</li>
		  <li><b>TRADE NAME</b> - M'Boy (Sierra Leone, Liberia), Bahia (Ivory Coast), Baya (Ghana), Elolom (Cameroon), Elelom (Gabon), Vuku (Zaire), Nzingu (Zambia, Uganda), Abura; Poplar (Liberia)</li>
		  <li><b>DISTRIBUTION</b> - Mainly West Africa from Sierra Leone to the Congo region and Angola, gregarious in freshwater swamps</li>
		  <li><b>WOOD</b> - Heartwood is uniform light yellowish-or pinkish-brown; sapwood wide, not usually differentiated. Texture fine and even; grain moderately straight to interlock or spiral; luster low; sometimes with gum veins that appear as dark streaks; freshly-cut timber has an unpleasant odor</li>
		  <li><b>WEIGHT</b> - Light, with air-dry density of 544 kg/m3 </li>
		  <li><b>DURABILITY</b> - Heartwood is non-durable nor resistant to termites; sapwood liable to powder-post beetle attack.</li>
		  <li><b>STRENGTH</b> - Medium</li>
		  <li><b>SHRINKAGE</b> - Large </li>
		  <li><b>FOREST AVAILABILITY</b> - The tree is found in most inland forest swamps of Liberia but most frequent in the wet ever green and moist semi- deciduous forest parts of the country.</li>
		  <li><b>WORKING PROPERTY</b> - Works well with both hand and machine tools and takes a good finish if cutters are kept sharp; blunting is slight to severe because of silica; easy to glue; veneers easily.</li>
		  <li><b>USES</b> - A general-purpose timber; furniture components, joinery, domestic flooring, plywood and carving.</li>
		  </ul>

Hallea ciliate


		  <ul>
		  <li><b>SCIENTIFIC NAME</b> - Hannoa klaineana</li>
		  <li><b>FAMILY</b> - Simaroubaceae</li>
		  <li><b>TRADE NAME</b> - Doussie (Cameroun), Apa (Nigeria), Mkola(Tanzaia)</li>
		  <li><b>DISTRIBUTION</b> - Senegal - Uganda and Angola</li>
		  <li><b>WOOD</b> - The wood is nearly white or straw colored without distinction between heartwood and sapwood; a rather high luster, no odor, and a slightly bitter taste; texture is medium to coarse, and the grain usually is straight</li>
		  <li><b>WEIGHT</b> - 340kg/m3</li>
		  <li><b>DURABILITY</b> - Not durable</li>
		  <li><b>STRENGTH</b> - Weak</li>
		  <li><b>SHRINKAGE</b> - </li>
		  <li><b>FOREST AVAILABILITY</b> - The tree grows in all forest parts of Liberia but most frequent in forests  south central of the country.</li>
		  <li><b>WORKING PROPERTY</b> - Easy to work but liable to blue stain unless dried properly.</li>
		  <li><b>USES</b> - Locally, it is use for doors, ceilings, carving, and canoes. The wood has no established value on the timber markets.</li>
		  </ul>

Hannoa klaineana


		  <ul>
		  <li><b>SCIENTIFIC NAME</b> - Haplormosia macrophylla </li>
		  <li><b>FAMILY</b> - Leguminosae-Pap.</li>
		  <li><b>TRADE NAME</b> - Black gum (Liberia), Dinankrohia, Larme (Ivory Coast), Idewa (Gabon), Akoti (Nigeria)</li>
		  <li><b>DISTRIBUTION</b> - A nonspecific genus found in western Liberia and in the Ivory Coast.</li>
		  <li><b>WOOD</b> - The heartwood is light chocolate brown, often with darker streaks and lighter parenchyma markings. It shows a figure on the tangential surface when the wood is properly cut; luster is moderate, and the texture is moderately fine; grain is straight to interlock</li>
		  <li><b>WEIGHT</b> - Heavy, with air-dry density of 870 kg/m3 </li>
		  <li><b>DURABILITY</b> - Highly durable; very resistant, even to termites</li>
		  <li><b>STRENGTH</b> - Moderately strong</li>
		  <li><b>SHRINKAGE</b> - Comparatively Large </li>
		  <li><b>FOREST AVAILABILITY</b> - The species is Monospecific genus and its occurrence is only unique to Liberia particularly to the north- western forest parts of the country. li>
		  <li><b>WORKING PROPERTY</b> - It works fairly well with the proper tools, finishes well.</li>
		  <li><b>USES</b> - Suitable for piling and for heavy duty saw timbers; widely used locally for furniture & other purposes</li>
		  </ul>

Haplormosia macrophylla


		  <ul>
		  <li><b>SCIENTIFIC NAME</b> - Heritiera utilis</li>
		  <li><b>FAMILY</b> - Sterculiaceae</li>
		  <li><b>TRADE NAME</b> - Niangon (Côte d’Ivoire), Ogoue (Gabon), Niangon, Nyankom (Ghana), Whismore (Liberia), Yami (S/ Leone)</li>
		  <li><b>DISTRIBUTION</b> - Endemic to Upper Guinea: Côte d’Ivoire, Ghana, Liberia, S/ Leone</li>
		  <li><b>WOOD</b> - Wood is pink brown to purplish red brown, wood is oily to the touch. Sap wood: clearly demarcated; 3 to 4 cm thick; Coarse texture with interlocked grain</li>
		  <li><b>WEIGHT</b> - Moderately heavy, with air-dry density of 630 kg/m3 </li>
		  <li><b>DURABILITY</b> - Heartwood is rated as nondurable, stake tests show an average service life of only 2 years; not resistant to marine borers.</li>
		  <li><b>STRENGTH</b> - Medium</li>
		  <li><b>SHRINKAGE</b> - Very small </li>
		  <li><b>FOREST AVAILABILITY</b> - The tree grows in both moist, evergreen and dry semi-deciduous forests zone of Liberia, but most abundant in the south east of the country.</li>
		  <li><b>WORKING PROPERTY</b> - It is an easy wood to work with hand and machine tools</li>
		  <li><b>USES</b> - Furniture, paneling, flooring, window frames, frames, outside paneling, ship-building, veneer and plywood, structural work, cabinet work, etc.</li>
		  </ul>

Heritiera utilis


		  <ul>
		  <li><b>SCIENTIFIC NAME</b> - Khaya anthotheca </li>
		  <li><b>FAMILY</b> - Meliaceae</li>
		  <li><b>TRADE NAME</b> - Munyama (Uganda), Acajou d'Afrique (Ivory Coast), Dubini, Dukuma fufu (Ghana), Ogwango (Nigeria), Acajou-blanc, Khaya</li>
		  <li><b>DISTRIBUTION</b> - It occurs in West Tropical Africa from the Ivory Coast to Angola and eastward through the Belgian Congo to Uganda</li>
		  <li><b>WOOD</b> - Heartwood light pinkish-brown darkening upon exposure to reddish-brown; sapwood whitish or yellowish, not always sharply demarcated. Texture medium to coarse; grain straight to interlocked, producing a stripe figure; lustrous; brittle heart present in some logs. </li>
		  <li><b>WEIGHT</b> - Moderately Heavy, with air-dry density of 560 kg/m3 </li>
		  <li><b>DURABILITY</b> - The heartwood is moderately durable and  extremely resistant to preservative treatment</li>
		  <li><b>STRENGTH</b> - Medium</li>
		  <li><b>SHRINKAGE</b> - Small </li>
		  <li><b>FOREST AVAILABILITY</b> - Though the tree grows in other forest parts of the country, it is most frequent in the south central forest of south eastern   Liberia.</li>
		  <li><b>WORKING PROPERTY</b> - It works easily with both hand and machine tools and does not dull cutting edges abnormally</li>
		  <li><b>USES</b> - FThe wood is of importance for furniture, paneling, and interior work. It is also used for boat planking, and a high grade of plywood is made from it</li>
		  </ul>

Khaya anthotheca


		  <ul>
		  <li><b>SCIENTIFIC NAME</b> - Khaya ivorensis </li>
		  <li><b>FAMILY</b> - Meliaceae</li>
		  <li><b>TRADE NAME</b> - Munyama (Uganda), Acajou d'Afrique (Ivory Coast), Dubini, Dukuma fufu (Ghana), Ogwango (Nigeria)</li>
		  <li><b>DISTRIBUTION</b> - Occurs in the rain forests from the Ivory Coast to the Cameroons and Gabon</li>
		  <li><b>WOOD</b> - The heartwood is light pinkish-brown darkening upon exposure to reddish-brown; sapwood whitish or yellowish, not always sharply demarcated. Texture medium to coarse; grain straight to interlocked, producing a stripe figure; lustrous</li>
		  <li><b>WEIGHT</b> - Moderately Heavy, with air-dry density of 570 kg/m3 </li>
		  <li><b>DURABILITY</b> - Heartwood is moderately durable, prone to buprestid and termite attack. Sapwood liable to powder-post beetle attack</li>
		  <li><b>STRENGTH</b> - Medium</li>
		  <li><b>SHRINKAGE</b> - Small </li>
		  <li><b>FOREST AVAILABILITY</b> - The tree grows in other forest parts of Liberia but most frequent in southeastern Liberia.</li>
		  <li><b>WORKING PROPERTY</b> - The timber works fairly easily with both hand and machine tools</li>
		  <li><b>USES</b> - It is very useful for furniture and interior decoration, and forms a good quality joinery wood suitable for ships’ cabins and railway coaches. It is also used for boat planking and for the manufacture of veneer and plywood</li>
		  </ul>

Khaya ivorensis


		  <ul>
		  <li><b>SCIENTIFIC NAME</b> - Klainedoxa gabonensis</li>
		  <li><b>FAMILY</b> - Irvingiaceae</li>
		  <li><b>TRADE NAME</b> - Kroma (Ivory Coast), Odudu (Nigeria), Mututtu (Uganda)  </li>
		  <li><b>DISTRIBUTION</b> - From Guinea to the Congo Basin, Uganda, and Sudan</li>
		  <li><b>WOOD</b> - Heartwood orange-yellow or golden- brown, turning on exposure to a dark brown with black veining; sapwood not clearly demarcated. Texture fine to medium; grain straight to interlocked; without characteristic odor or taste. </li>
		  <li><b>WEIGHT</b> - Very heavy, with air-dry density of 1,089 kg/m3 </li>
		  <li><b>DURABILITY</b> - Heartwood highly durable, immune to termite attack</li>
		  <li><b>STRENGTH</b> - Very Strong</li>
		  <li><b>SHRINKAGE</b> - Very large </li>
		  <li><b>FOREST AVAILABILITY</b> - In Liberia, it is spread throughout the country in the evergreen forests as well as in moist semi- deciduous forests. Population trend and density is unknown.</li>
		  <li><b>WORKING PROPERTY</b> - </li>
		  <li><b>USES</b> - Heavy durable construction, factory flooring, mine timbers, railroad crossties, tool handles</li>
		  </ul>

Klainedoxa gabonensis


		  <ul>
		  <li><b>SCIENTIFIC NAME</b> - Lophira alata</li>
		  <li><b>FAMILY</b> - Ochnaceae</li>
		  <li><b>TRADE NAME</b> - Bongossi, Bakundu (Cameroon), Kaku (Ghana), Esore (Ivory Coast), Aba (Nigeria), Endwi (Sierra Leone), Azobe or ekki, Iron wood</li>
		  <li><b>DISTRIBUTION</b> - West Africa and extending into the Congo Basin </li>
		  <li><b>WOOD</b> - Heartwood dark red, chocolate-brown, or purple-brown with conspicuous white deposits in the vessels; sapwood pale pink, well defined; texture coarse; grain usually interlocked; luster low; without characteristic odor or taste</li>
		  <li><b>WEIGHT</b> - Very heavy, with air-dry density of 1,121 kg/m3  </li>
		  <li><b>DURABILITY</b> - The Heartwood is very durable but only moderately resistant to termite attack. Resistant to acids. Good Resistant to teredo attack.</li>
		  <li><b>STRENGTH</b> - Very Strong</li>
		  <li><b>SHRINKAGE</b> - Very large </li>
		  <li><b>FOREST AVAILABILITY</b> - It is found throughout Liberia in good quantities</li>
		  <li><b>WORKING PROPERTY</b> - Very difficult to work with hand and machine tools; severe blunting effect if machined when dry; can be dressed to a smooth finish; gluing properties usually good</li>
		  <li><b>USES</b> - Heavy construction work, harbor work, heavy-duty flooring, parquet flooring, railroad Sleepers</li>
		  </ul>

Lophira alata


		  <ul>
		  <li><b>SCIENTIFIC NAME</b> - Lovoa trichilloides</li>
		  <li><b>FAMILY</b> - Meliaceae</li>
		  <li><b>TRADE NAME</b> - Mpengwa (Ghana), Anamemila, Apopo, Sida (Nigeria), Bombulu (Zaire), Dibétou (Gabon, Ivory Coast), Congowood, Tigerwood (USA), Lovoa, Apopo, ida, African walnut, temariri</li>
		  <li><b>DISTRIBUTION</b> - West Tropical Africa from Sierra Leone to Gabon li>
		  <li><b>WOOD</b> - The Heartwood is yellowish-brown, sometimes marked with dark streaks or veins; sapwood light gray, narrow, clearly demarcated. Texture fine to medium; grain usually interlocked with an attractive ribbon figure; lustrous; cedar like scent.</li>
		  <li><b>WEIGHT</b> -  544 kg/m3 (oven dry weight/ air-dry density </li>
		  <li><b>DURABILITY</b> - The heartwood is moderately durable, liable to dry-wood termite attack. Sapwood liable to powder-post beetle attack.</li>
		  <li><b>STRENGTH</b> - Medium</li>
		  <li><b>SHRINKAGE</b> - Small </li>
		  <li><b>FOREST AVAILABILITY</b> - Lovoa is found throughout Liberia in both dry and moist evergreen forest, mostly scattered, sometimes in small groups. Most frequent in south-eastern forest zone of Liberia.</li>
		  <li><b>WORKING PROPERTY</b> - Easy to work but sharp tools are required to avoid tearing, particularly when machining quarter sawn faces. Good gluing properties, moderate steam-bending properties.</li>
		  <li><b>USES</b> - General carpentry, Furniture and cabinetwork, decorative veneers, paneling, joinery, shop fixtures</li>
		  </ul>

Lovoa trichilloides

 
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