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Below is a list of tree species in the Liberian rain forest ( click image for more details on a specific wood )

		  <ul>
		  <li><b>SCIENTIFIC NAME</b> - Afzelia bella</li>
		  <li><b>FAMILY</b> - Leguminosae</li>
		  <li><b>TRADE NAME</b> - Doussie (Cameroon), Apa (Nigeria), Mkola(Tanzaia), Beyo (Ugnada)</li>
		  <li><b>DISTRIBUTION</b> - Found in the West, Central, and East Africa.</li>
		  <li><b>WOOD</b> - The heartwood is reddish-brown after exposure; sapwood pale straw to whitish, well defined. Texture moderate to coarse; grain straight to interlocked; medium luster; without characteristic odor or taste.</li>
		  <li><b>WEIGHT</b> - Heavy, with air-dry density 816 kg/m3 </li>
		  <li><b>DURABILITY</b> - Heartwood is rated as very durable and moderately resistant to termite attack</li>
		  <li><b>STRENGTH</b> - Moderately strong</li>
		  <li><b>SHRINKAGE</b> - Very small </li>
		  <li><b>FOREST AVAILABILITY</b> - The tree grows in all forest parts of the country but preferably  abundant in dry semi-deciduous forest zone of the country.</li>
		  <li><b>WORKING PROPERTY</b> - The wood is Rather difficult to saw and machine because of rapid dulling of saw teeth and cutters but works to a smooth finish; some tearing of grain on radial faces. Difficult to stain where pores contain yellow deposits</li>
		  <li><b>USES</b> - Furniture, Exterior joinery, window frames, doors, flooring, heavy construction including harbor and dock work  </li>
		  </ul>

Afzelia bella


		  <ul>
		  <li><b>SCIENTIFIC NAME</b> - Albizia zygia</li>
		  <li><b>FAMILY</b> - Caesalpinnaceae</li>
		  <li><b>TRADE NAME</b> - Okuro (Ghana), Ayinre (Nigeria), Mugavu (Uganda), Mtanga (Tanzania)</li>
		  <li><b>DISTRIBUTION</b> - Widely distributed throughout tropical Africa; mostly trees of the high forest are exploited, but also common in secondary forests.</li>
		  <li><b>WOOD</b> - Heartwood golden yellow, light brown, red-brown., or dark brown, sometimes with a greenish, purple, or red tinge, sometimes with dark streaks; sapwood whitish, yellowish, or pinkish-brown, well demarcated. Texture variable from fine to coarse; grain straight to interlocked or irregular and wavy </li>
		  <li><b>WEIGHT</b> -  Moderately heavy with air dry density of 640kg/m3. </li>
		  <li><b>DURABILITY</b> - Heartwood moderately durable but generally vulnerable to termite attack.</li>
		  <li><b>STRENGTH</b> - Moderately strong</li>
		  <li><b>SHRINKAGE</b> - Very small </li>
		  <li><b>WORKING PROPERTY</b> - Working Properties: Saws and machines well and works easily with hand tools and dresses smoothly but with some tearing of interlocked grain; glues well. Intense irritation may be caused by the sawdust.</li>
		  <li><b>USES</b> -  Furniture, joinery, flooring general carpentry</li>
		  </ul>

Albizia zygia


		  <ul>
		  <li><b>SCIENTIFIC NAME</b> - Alstonia boonei</li>
		  <li><b>FAMILY</b> - Apocynaceae</li>
		  <li><b>TRADE NAME</b> - Mujwa (Uganda), Emien (Ivory Coast), Sindru (Ghana), Ahun (Nigeria), Bokuk (Cameroon), Kaiwi (Sierra Leone) </li>
		  <li><b>DISTRIBUTION</b> - Senegal to Congo, Uganda, and Sudan</li>
		  <li><b>WOOD</b> - The Wood is uniformly pale yellow or pale buff, with no distinction between sapwood and heartwood, it is sometimes discolored by staining fungi; texture is fine to medium, and the grain usually is straight </li>
		  <li><b>WEIGHT</b> - Light, with air-dry density of 400 kg/m3</li>
		  <li><b>DURABILITY</b> - Non-durable, reported to readily decay readily when attached by fungi under moist conditions; not resistant to termites</li>
		  <li><b>STRENGTH</b> - Weak</li>
		  <li><b>SHRINKAGE</b> - Small </li>
		  <li><b>FOREST AVAILABILITY</b> - Alstonia boonei is found in all  forest parts of Liberia but more common in the wet ever green forest zone.</li>
		  <li><b>WORKING PROPERTY</b> - The wood works easily with hand and machine tools, but sharp cutting tools are essential to ensure smooth surfaces</li>
		  <li><b>USES</b> - Domestic utensils, light carpentry, boxes, wood-wool for packing bananas, matches</li>
		  </ul>

Alstonia boonei


		  <ul>
		  <li><b>SCIENTIFIC NAME</b> - Amphimas pterocarpoides </li>
		  <li><b>FAMILY</b> - Leguminosae – Caesalpiniaceae</li>
		  <li><b>TRADE NAME</b> - Lati (Ivory Coast, Liberia), Edzui (Gabon), Edjin (cameroon), Yaya (Ghana), Bokanga (DRC)</li>
		  <li><b>DISTRIBUTION</b> - Central and West Africa</li>
		  <li><b>WOOD</b> - Heartwood is light yellowish brown; the white sapwood is not sharply demarcated from the heartwood; texture is very coarse; grain may be straight or interlocked; low luster.</li>
		  <li><b>WEIGHT</b> - Moderately heavy, with air-dry density of 753kg/m3</li>
		  <li><b>DURABILITY</b> - The wood is non-durable, reported to be low in decay resistance </li>
		  <li><b>STRENGTH</b> - Moderately strong</li>
		  <li><b>SHRINKAGE</b> - Large  </li>
		  <li><b>FOREST AVAILABILITY</b> - Found all over the country, but more frequently in the drier forest regions of Liberia.</li>
		  <li><b>WORKING PROPERTY</b> - Timber not easy to work, but it finishes smoothly</li>
		  <li><b>USES</b> - Boxes, crates, paneling, interior joinery, house framing, flooring, sliced veneer; however, it is only occasionally utilized in Liberia.</li>
		  </ul>

Amphimas pterocarpoides


		  <ul>
		  <li><b>SCIENTIFIC NAME</b> - Aningeria robusta </li>
		  <li><b>FAMILY</b> - Sapotaceae</li>
		  <li><b>TRADE NAME</b> - Anegre (Ivory Coast), Landosan (Nigeria), Mukali (Angola), Osan (Uganda), Mukangu (Kenya)</li>
		  <li><b>DISTRIBUTION</b> - Widespread in tropical Africa, particularly common in parts of East Africa.</li>
		  <li><b>WOOD</b> - Heartwood yellowish-white, pale brown, or pinkish-brown, darkening slightly after exposure; sapwood not well demarcated. Texture medium to coarse; grain usually straight, sometimes wavy; lustrous; faint cedar like odor</li>
		  <li><b>WEIGHT</b> - Moderately heavy, with  air-dry density of 750 kg/m3 </li>
		  <li><b>DURABILITY</b> - Non-durable, wood is perishable, little resistance to attack by decay fungi and termites, liable to blue stain.</li>
		  <li><b>STRENGTH</b> - Moderately strong</li>
		  <li><b>SHRINKAGE</b> - Large </li>
		  <li><b>FOREST AVAILABILITY</b> - The tree grows in all Forest parts of Liberia, but preferable in the drier forest zones of the country </li>
		  <li><b>WORKING PROPERTY</b> - Generally reported to saw and machine well, but some species are siliceous and have a blunting effect on cutters; rather difficult to finish; cuts well on rotary lathe or slicer.</li>
		  <li><b>USES</b> - General carpentry, joinery, veneer and plywood, furniture components</li>
		  </ul>

Aningeria robusta


		  <ul>
		  <li><b>SCIENTIFIC NAME</b> - Anopyxis klaineana </li>
		  <li><b>FAMILY</b> - Rhizophoraceae</li>
		  <li><b>TRADE NAME</b> - Kokoti (Ghana), Ekiawa (Nigeria), Bodioa (Ivory Coast), Noudougou (Cameroon), Evam (Gabon), Bobenkusu (DRC), Kpomusi (S/ Leone)</li>
		  <li><b>DISTRIBUTION</b> - Sierra Leone to Nigeria, Cameroon, DR Congo and Uganda, south to northern Angola</li>
		  <li><b>WOOD</b> - The wood is uniformly light yellow-brown, sometimes stained blue by a fungus; a rather low luster; texture is coarse with a harsh feel, and the grain is rather irregular</li>
		  <li><b>WEIGHT</b> - Heavy, with air-dry density of 816 kg/m3 </li>
		  <li><b>DURABILITY</b> - Moderately durable, being resistant to termites but susceptible to fungi and dry wood borers </li>
		  <li><b>STRENGTH</b> - Moderately strong</li>
		  <li><b>SHRINKAGE</b> - Large  </li>
		  <li><b>FOREST AVAILABILITY</b> - Occurs all over Liberia, often in small open aggregations, but somewhat more commonly in the evergreen forest zone.</li>
		  <li><b>WORKING PROPERTY</b> - Works rather easily, but material containing wavy grain has a tendency to tear in planning; gluing characteristics are rated as good; nailing and screwing are reported to require pre-boring; good finishing and polishing characteristics; works well with powered tools. </li>
		  <li><b>USES</b> - Used for purposes such as industrial flooring, heavy carpentry, interior paneling and joinery, turnery and sliced veneer</li>
		  </ul>

Anopyxis klaineana


		  <ul>
		  <li><b>SCIENTIFIC NAME</b> - Anthonotha fragrans </li>
		  <li><b>FAMILY</b> - Leguminosae-Caes.</li>
		  <li><b>TRADE NAME</b> - Andomoteu (Côte d`Ivoire); Kibakoko (Congo); Lebelo (Cameroon); Kibokoko (Liberia)</li>
		  <li><b>DISTRIBUTION</b> - The tree spanned the Gulf of Guinea from Sierra Leone to Congo.</li>
		  <li><b>WOOD</b> - The heartwood is yellowish brown to brown with dark brown streaks, and indistinctly or fairly distinctly demarcated from the whitish to greyish yellow; the grain is usually straight, texture moderately coarse</li>
		  <li><b>WEIGHT</b> - Heavy, with air-dry density of 800 kg/m3</li>
		  <li><b>DURABILITY</b> - The wood is moderately durable and susceptible to fungal attacks, and liable to borer and Lyctus attacks; the heartwood is resistant to impregnation with preservatives, the sapwood moderately resistant</li>
		  <li><b>STRENGTH</b> - Moderately strong</li>
		  <li><b>SHRINKAGE</b> - Large </li>
		  <li><b>FOREST AVAILABILITY</b> - The tree is widely scattered throughout the high forest of Liberia both dry and moist and ever green forest but as a medium-sized and rarely a large tree.</li>
		  <li><b>WORKING PROPERTY</b> - The wood is easy to saw, although saw teeth and cutting edges may blunt rapidly; it usually planes and finishes well; has a tendency to split upon nailing.</li>
		  <li><b>USES</b> - General carpentry work, joinery, flooring, veneer, turnery. Fruits are edible, kernels used for soap and lubricants.</li>
		  </ul>

Anthonotha fragrans


		  <ul>
		  <li><b>SCIENTIFIC NAME</b> - Antiaris Africana </li>
		  <li><b>FAMILY</b> - Moraceae </li>
		  <li><b>TRADE NAME</b> - Kyenkyen (Ghana), Mkuzu (Tanzania), Oro (Nigeria), Kirundo (Uganda), Ako (Senegal)</li>
		  <li><b>DISTRIBUTION</b> - Senegal to Sudan and southward to Uganda</li>
		  <li><b>WOOD</b> - Heartwood white or yellow-brown or gray-yellow not clearly demarcated from sapwood; grain interlocked, texture medium to coarse</li>
		  <li><b>WEIGHT</b> - Light, with air-dry density of 432 kg/m3 </li>
		  <li><b>DURABILITY</b> - Not durable. Heartwood perishable and liable to insect attack in both log and converted form</li>
		  <li><b>STRENGTH</b> - Weak</li>
		  <li><b>SHRINKAGE</b> - Comparatively Large </li>
		  <li><b>FOREST AVAILABILITY</b> - The tree grows in all forest parts of Liberia but more frequent in the moist evergreen forest of Liberia.</li>
		  <li><b>WORKING PROPERTY</b> - Works easily with hand and machine tools but sharp cutters are needed; dresses smoothly, some tearing of interlocked grain; glues and nails satisfactorily</li>
		  <li><b>USES</b> - Utility plywood, decorative veneer, furniture components, boxes, interior trim</li>
		  </ul>

Antiaris africana


		  <ul>
		  <li><b>SCIENTIFIC NAME</b> - Araliopsis tabouensis </li>
		  <li><b>FAMILY</b> - Rutaceae </li>
		  <li><b>TRADE NAME</b> - Araliopsis (Grenian) d oo-clean (Gio); hn'toh (Gola, 'chicken popo')</li>
		  <li><b>DISTRIBUTION</b> - Liberia – Nigeria</li>
		  <li><b>WOOD</b> - The wood is fairly hard and heavy, yellowish or Nearly white, strongly scented. It has a woolly surface when sawn, and when sawn fresh it has a very Penetrating smell.</li>
		  <li><b>WEIGHT</b> - Heavy</li>
		  <li><b>DURABILITY</b> - </li>
		  <li><b>STRENGTH</b> - </li>
		  <li><b>SHRINKAGE</b> -  </li>
		  <li><b>FOREST AVAILABILITY</b> - Found throughout Liberia, predominantly a species of the evergreen forest zone.</li>
		  <li><b>WORKING PROPERTY</b> - </li>
		  <li><b>USES</b> - Construction wood; the bark skin is also used against craw-craw and yaw. </li>
		  </ul>

Araliopsis tabouensis


		  <ul>
		  <li><b>SCIENTIFIC NAME</b> - Beilschmiedia mannii </li>
		  <li><b>FAMILY</b> - Lauraceae </li>
		  <li><b>TRADE NAME</b> - Kanda (Cameroon), Atiokouo (Ivory Coast), Nkonengu (Gabon), Bonzale (DRC), Mfimbo (Tanzania) </li>
		  <li><b>DISTRIBUTION</b> - Guinea-Congo</li>
		  <li><b>WOOD</b> - The heartwood is cherry red with a lasting cedar smell. The sapwood is greyish and sharply defined. It is a wood of low luster, medium textured and straight to cross grained odorless.</li>
		  <li><b>WEIGHT</b> - Moderately heavy, with air-dry density of 673 kg/m3 </li>
		  <li><b>DURABILITY</b> - Highly durable</li>
		  <li><b>STRENGTH</b> - Moderately strong</li>
		  <li><b>SHRINKAGE</b> - Large </li>
		  <li><b>FOREST AVAILABILITY</b> - It is found scattered throughout the high forest of Liberia, but more abundant in the south of the Putu range.</li>
		  <li><b>WORKING PROPERTY</b> - It is very easy to work</li>
		  <li><b>USES</b> - Doors, ceilings, canoes, framing, interior and exterior joinery, flooring, decking, paneling </li>
		  </ul>

Beilschmieda mannii


		  <ul>
		  <li><b>SCIENTIFIC NAME</b> - Berlinia confusa </li>
		  <li><b>FAMILY</b> - Leguminosae- Caesalpiniaceae</li>
		  <li><b>TRADE NAME</b> - M’possa (Angola, DRC), Bagbe (Benin), Ekpogoi (Nigeria), Ebiara berlinia (Gabon), Melegba (Ivory Coast), Essaben (Cameroon), Berlinia (Ghana), Sarkpei (S/ Leone)</li>
		  <li><b>DISTRIBUTION</b> - Occurs in the high forest belt of Sierra Leone, Liberia, the Ivory Coast, the Gold Coast, Nigeria, and the Cameroons</li>
		  <li><b>WOOD</b> - Heartwood brown, pinkish-brown to deep red-brown, with dark purple or brown streaking; sapwood rather wide, whitish, often with a pink tint, clearly demarcated; texture medium to coarse; grain straight, interlocked, or irregular; without characteristic odor or taste when dry.</li>
		  <li><b>WEIGHT</b> - Moderately heavy, with air-dry density of 704 kg/m3</li>
		  <li><b>DURABILITY</b> - Heartwood is moderately durable, moderately resistant to termite attack, and resistant to preservative treatment.</li>
		  <li><b>STRENGTH</b> - Moderately strong</li>
		  <li><b>SHRINKAGE</b> - Large </li>
		  <li><b>FOREST AVAILABILITY</b> - Found all over the high forests of Liberia but more abundant in north western forest part of the country.</li>
		  <li><b>WORKING PROPERTY</b> - Saws easily and  generally works well with hand and machine tools; can be glued satisfactorily and nails fairly well, but care must be taken to avoid splitting when nailing near the edges.</li>
		  <li><b>USES</b> - Heavy construction, furniture and cabinetwork, decorative veneers, paneling, interior and exterior joinery, flooring, stairs (inside), paneling</li>
		  </ul>

Berlinia confusa


		  <ul>
		  <li><b>SCIENTIFIC NAME</b> - Bombax buonopozense</li>
		  <li><b>FAMILY</b> - Bombacaceae</li>
		  <li><b>TRADE NAME</b> - Alone (Gabon), Msufi-mwitu (Tanzania), Meguza (Mozambique), Kapokier (Senegal), Esodoum (Cameroon), Kapokier (Congo), Kapokie (Ivory Coast), Kouria (Nigeria)</li>
		  <li><b>DISTRIBUTION</b> - West Africa and extending eastward into Tanzania</li>
		  <li><b>WOOD</b> - Heartwood pale reddish-brown, yellowish-brown, or light brown with a purplish tint, sometimes with darker markings; sapwood whitish, not always sharply differentiated. Texture medium to coarse; grain usually straight; without luster;sometimes with gum veins.</li>
		  <li><b>WEIGHT</b> - Light, with air-dry density of 480 kg/m3 </li>
		  <li><b>DURABILITY</b> - Non-durable; heartwood perishable, not resistant to termite attack; sapwood vulnerable to powder-post beetle attack</li>
		  <li><b>STRENGTH</b> - Medium</li>
		  <li><b>SHRINKAGE</b> - Comparatively Large </li>
		  <li><b>FOREST AVAILABILITY</b> - The tree grows in all forest parts of Liberia. More abundant in the moist semi- deciduous forest of the country.</li>
		  <li><b>WORKING PROPERTY</b> - Usually saws easily and works well with hand and machine tools but cutters must be kept sharp; glues and finishes well; easy to rotary peel veneers</li>
		  <li><b>USES</b> - Plywood core stock, block board, boxes and crates, furniture components</li>
		  </ul>

Bombax buonopezense


		  <ul>
		  <li><b>SCIENTIFIC NAME</b> - Brachystegia leonensis</li>
		  <li><b>FAMILY</b> - Caesalpinniceae</li>
		  <li><b>TRADE NAME</b> - Tebako (Liberia), Naga (France), Okwen (Nigeria), Bodgei (S/ Leone)</li>
		  <li><b>DISTRIBUTION</b> - Endemic to Upper Guinea: Côte d’Ivoire, Liberia, and S/ Leone </li>
		  <li><b>WOOD</b> - Heartwood is light to dark brown, alternating dark and light stripes may be present; sapwood is about 15 cm wide, white or pale colored, and distinct from the heartwood; grain usually is deeply interlocked, and quarter-sawn surfaces show a stripe or roe figure; texture is medium.</li>
		  <li><b>WEIGHT</b> - Moderately heavy, with air-dry density of 704kg/m3</li>
		  <li><b>DURABILITY</b> - Moderately durable; occasionally damaged by ambrosia beetles</li>
		  <li><b>STRENGTH</b> - Moderately strong</li>
		  <li><b>SHRINKAGE</b> - Comparatively large </li>
		  <li><b>FOREST AVAILABILITY</b> - It can be found in all forest areas of Liberia but more abundant in the south- eastern forest zone of the country.</li>
		  <li><b>WORKING PROPERTY</b> - </li>
		  <li><b>USES</b> - The wood is suitable for manufacture of vehicles and for general construction that does not need great durability. It is technically suitable for the manufacture of plywood.</li>
		  </ul>

Brachystegia leonensis


		  <ul>
		  <li><b>SCIENTIFIC NAME</b> - Calpocalyz aubrevillei</li>
		  <li><b>FAMILY</b> - Fabaceae</li>
		  <li><b>TRADE NAME</b> - Badio (Calpocalyx)</li>
		  <li><b>DISTRIBUTION</b> - West tropical Africa - Sierra Leone to Ghana</li>
		  <li><b>WOOD</b> - Pale to whitish color, softer and lighter, not resistant to fungus and termites attack</li>
		  <li><b>WEIGHT</b> - </li>
		  <li><b>DURABILITY</b> - Not durable</li>
		  <li><b>STRENGTH</b> - </li>
		  <li><b>SHRINKAGE</b> -  </li>
		  <li><b>FOREST AVAILABILITY</b> - The tree is wide spread in in both north western and south- eastern forest zone of  Liberia, scattered or in rich stand, often in the vicinity of water.</li>
		  <li><b>WORKING PROPERTY</b> - Sawn timber warp very badly</li>
		  <li><b>USES</b> -  Manufacture of plywood, light construction activities, wawa or boxwood.</li>
		  </ul>

Calpocalyz aubrevillei


		  <ul>
		  <li><b>SCIENTIFIC NAME</b> - Canarium Schweinfurthii </li>
		  <li><b>FAMILY</b> -  Burseraceae</li>
		  <li><b>TRADE NAME</b> -  Abel (Cameroon), Aiélé (Ivory Coast), Elemi (Nigeria), Bediwunua (Ghana), Mwafu (Uganda) Aie’le’, Bush candle stick</li>
		  <li><b>DISTRIBUTION</b> - Widely distributed in East, Central, and West Africa</li>
		  <li><b>WOOD</b> - Heartwood a light pinkish-brown or light pinkish-yellow; sapwood whitish or straw colored, wide, not clearly differentiated. Texture somewhat coarse; grain interlocked sometimes producing a very attractive roe figure; lustrous; pleasant characteristic scent, without taste.</li>
		  <li><b>WEIGHT</b> - Light, with air-dry density of 480 kg/m3 </li>
		  <li><b>DURABILITY</b> - Non-durable; heartwood not resistant to decay and is vulnerable to termite attack.</li>
		  <li><b>STRENGTH</b> - Medium</li>
		  <li><b>SHRINKAGE</b> - Small </li>
		  <li><b>FOREST AVAILABILITY</b> - Found in all forest zones of Liberia but preferably abundant in the drier forest  paers of the country.</li>
		  <li><b>WORKING PROPERTY</b> - Timber works easily with machine and hand tools but has a severe blunting effect on cutters because of silica content, sharp knives are required to avoid a woolly finish in planning, glues and nails satisfactorily, peels and slices easily.</li>
		  <li><b>USES</b> - Plywood, decorative veneers, parquetry, joinery, furniture components.</li>
		  </ul>

Canarium Schweinfurthii

 
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